German Development Cooperation with Tanzania

Enlarge image

Freedom and security for all, a life without poverty, fear and environmental destruction – these are the aims of Germany's development policy.The German Government is the third largest donor of official development assistance worldwide. Tanzania is one of the main partner countries for German development cooperation in Africa. Over the last five decades, German bilateral cooperation with Tanzania has amounted to 2.1 billion euros.

Cooperation is closely aligned with the Tanzanian Government’s policy priorities and coordinated with other development partners, including civil society. The German Government's development policy is planned by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) The German Embassy in Tanzania is responsible for liaising with the Tanzanian Government and coordinates development activities with other development partners.

Challenges and Results

Tanzania has managed to maintain an impressive annual GDP growth rate of around 7% since 2001. The country aims at achieving middle-income-status until 2025. In the health and educational sectors it managed to achieve considerable progress. Currently, Tanzania still is one of the poorest countries worldwide - about one third of the population live in extreme poverty. Also, malnourishment and maternal mortality hover at high rates and the threats of HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis still prevail. Good governance reform programmes have been initiated with some progress in the fight against corruption and improvements in public financial management, weak implementation capacity is a key constraint. More

In the government negotiations in 2015 the German and the Tanzania governments agreed to focus their development cooperation on biodiversity, health and water as well as on activities in the energy sector and good governance. Germany committed 158,5 Mio. Euro (121 Mio. EUR financial assistance and 37,5 Mio. EUR technical assistance, i.e. about 177 million USD) for the next three years.


German has supported biodiversity in Tanzania for many decades, an engagement that dates back to the work of Prof. Grzimek in the Serengeti in the 1950s. In 2012 Tanzania and Germany initiated a new program focusing on better management of Serengeti and Selous ecoystems as well as improved livelihoods of the communities around the protected areas. Germany is also supporting the Tanzania government in developing transport options around the Serengeti National Park. In addition, German technical assistance is provided for the establishment of the new Tanzania Wildlife Authority (TAWA). In light of the massive poaching crisis in East Africa, Germany has stepped up its support for anti-poaching measures. More

  Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and Biodiversity [pdf, 736.68k]


German development cooperation supports national, regional and district administrations and health care providers in establishing universal healthcare coverage and is fully aligned to the sector-wide approach in health. The ‘Tanzanian-German Programme to Support Health’ is implemented in four regions with focus on: 1) Quality improvement of health services; 2) Social health protection and health financing; 3) Decentralized health governance; 4) Cooperation with the private sector; 5) Strengthening Civil Society Organizations. German financial assistance supports the establishment of a health insurance scheme (NHIF) for the poor, physical infrastructure and equipment. Family planning services are improved by supporting partnerships between the Tanzanian Government and private health providers. Germany also provides contributions to GAVI, The Vaccine Alliance, to help the Tanzanian Government provide vaccines in the country. Furthermore, Germany supports the work of the Global Fund to fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) in the country.

Support to the Health Sector [pdf, 1,004.32k]


German Development Cooperation has been engaged in the Water Sector in Tanzania for over 25 years and is a major partner in the Sector Development Programme. Germany also manages substantial funds from the EU and the Netherlands. The German water programme 1. delivers capacity building and management support to key institutions; 2. finances the provision of public water points and municipal sanitation infrastructure (including hygiene sensitization campaigns) in poor urban areas while aiming at improving the performance of urban utilities; 3. supports the regulation of  commercial water and sanitation utilities and their management; 4. supports the Ministry of Water in setting up an Investment Financing Facility to introduce commercial loans thus fast-tracking small investments; 5. supports sustainable water resources management in Water Basins, with a special focus on climate change.

Support to the Water Sector [pdf, 1,886.69k]

Other activities

Germany will continue to assist Tanzania in tapping its renewable energy potential, including geothermal, in order to meet the G7 commitment to increase renewable energy supply in Africa. This is complemented by a programme for strengthening capacities in resource governance.

Support to the Energy Sector [pdf, 465.4k]

Germany continues to promote good governance in Tanzania by strengthening the National Audit Office as well as public finance management, which will also help increase the generation of domestic revenues. German support to General Budget Support in Tanzania phased out in 2015.

Furthermore, Tanzania is part of a number of programmes that benefit several countries across Africa. Among them are, e.g.,

the ‘E4D / SOGA – Employment and Skills for Eastern Africa’ programme, which is supported by a number of partners. It aims at ensuring that more women, men and young people benefit from the overall economic growth catalysed through investments in natural resources; Employment for Development (E4D)/ SOGA Initiative [pdf, 2,725.64k]

the ‘Support for the Regional Mineral Certification System of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR)’ programme, which backs the Regional Initiative against Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources. ICGLR [pdf, 269.55k]

In addition, Germany channels one third of its resources for development cooperation through the European Union, the World Bank, the African Development Bank and other multilateral Institutions, also benefiting Tanzania. It is also worth noting that German development cooperation provides substantial support for development initiatives by churches, foundations, civil sociiety.

The German Government is also a keen supporter of the East African Community

The German bilateral programmes are implemented by the following executing agencies:

GIZ - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit

KFW Development Bank

Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau

BGR – Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources )

PTB – Physikalisch-technische Bundesanstalt (National Metrology Institute)

Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS)

German Federal States in Development Policy